En savoir plus sur l’agriculture


OGM : de quoi s’agit-il? Peuvent-ils être consommés en toute sécurité? Qu’est-ce que l’agriculture biologique? Comment les animaux comme les poulets ou les bovins sont-ils élevés?

snapAG offre aux élèves et aux étudiants des ressources sur des sujets d’actualité liés à l’industrie agricole, comme les produits biologiques, les biotechnologies, les OGM, l’élevage, et plus encore. 

Explorez les tendances de l’agriculture au Canada en parcourant les rubriques ci-dessous.

What are GMO's

What are GMO's

What is a GMO?

GMO stands for “genetically modified organism”. The genetics of virtually all plant-based food we eat today have been modified over time, so the term “GMO” could technically apply to all of them. When people talk about GMOs, they are often referring to genetic engineering.

Types of Genetic Engineering

A transgenic plant is one that contains a gene or genes which have been introduced artificially into the plant's genetic makeup using a set of several biotechnology techniques collectively known as recombinant DNA (rDNA) technology.[1]

Cisgenics involves only genes from the same species or a cross-compatible species, a process that could otherwise happen—though over a considerably longer period of time—through breeding or other natural methods. 

Cisgenics and transgenics can use the same genetic engineering techniques the only difference being the source of the genetic material.

The Arctic Apple® used a cisgenic technique called RNA interference or gene silencing to “turn off” the genes that make apples turn brown.


[1] http://cls.casa.colostate.edu/transgeniccrops/faqpopup.html

[2] https://gmoanswers.com/current-gmo-crops

Les références


Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science Volume 149, 2017, Pages 1-26, Chapter One - Genome Engineering and Agriculture: Opportunities and Challenges

(Nicholas J.Baltes, JavierGil-Humanes, Daniel F.Voytas ) Retrieved: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877117317300431

Cisgenic plants are similar to traditionally bred plants: International regulations for genetically modified organisms should be altered to exempt cisgenesis (Henk J Schouten, Frans A Krens, and Evert Jacobsen) Retrieved: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1525145/

Encyclopedia of Genetics, Gene Silencing, 2001 (W.Filipowicz J.Paszkowski)
Retrieved: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B0122270800016852

From DNA to Beer: Harnessing Nature in Medicine and Industry (NIH U.S. National Library of Medicine)

Please say no to “GMO” (Dr. Kevin Folta on Medium)

What consumers don’t know about genetically modified food, and how that affects beliefs (The FASEB Journal)

The genome of cultivated sweet potato contains Agrobacterium T-DNAs with expressed genes: An example of a naturally transgenic food crop (PNAS)

10 Amazing GMOs (Dr. Carol Lynn Curchoe on Medium)

Losses due to pests (Institute for Plant Diseases, Germany)

Crop losses from pests (Journal of Agricultural Science)

Wait nearly over for Golden Rice (United News of Bangladesh)

Golden Rice moving forward in Philippines (Cornell Alliance for Science)

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