What is a GMO Food?
GMO (genetically modified organism) foods are made from crops that have been genetically modified. GMO is not a precise term, since almost all foods we eat today have been modified over time. A better term is genetically engineered, or GE. These crops have been modified by moving bits of DNA called genes from an unrelated organism into the crop plant (transgenic) or by changing the plant's own genes (cisgenic).
Why are scientists playing with our food?
Scientists don’t play with our food – they use different plant breeding techniques to help solve problems faced by farmers (e.g. pests and diseases) and consumers (e.g. apples and potatoes easily browning).
The first genetically engineered crops were developed to provide benefits to farmers such as making it easier to control pests and diseases in the crop. New crops are being designed to benefit you the consumer! One example is Arctic Apple that doesn’t brown when it is bumped or cut open. The Artic Apple was developed using a technique called “gene silencing” to shut off the gene for the enzyme that makes apples turn brown.