Learn about Agriculture


What are GMOs and are they okay to eat? What does organic farming look like? How are animals like chickens or cattle raised? snapAG is a series of resources that invite students to explore the hot topics affecting the agriculture industry today. Topics range from organics, biotechnology, GMOs, livestock, and more.

Explore what’s trending in agriculture in Canada by browsing the topics below.

Organic Food

Organic Food

Organic food is grown, processed and packaged in way to meet the Canadian Organic Standards, which are based on the Principles of Organic Agriculture. 

Canadian Organic Standards

Canada’s organic standards are among the most recognized in the world, and place strict limits on and in some cases, prohibits the use of pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, routine use of drugs, antibiotics or synthetic hormones, animal cloning, genetic engineering, and artificial food colours, sweeteners and preservatives.

Why does organic food cost more?

The costs of organic production are often high because organic farming practices are labour intensive. Also organic products are grown, processed, packaged and sold at smaller volumes than non-organic foods. As a result, economies of scale cannot be realized.

Websites to Investigate This Topic Further


  1. Organic production systems — General principles and management standards. CAN/CGSB-32.310-2015
  2. Excerpts from The International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements.
  3. Organic production systems — General principles and management standards. CAN/CGSB-32.310-2015
  4. http://choosecanadaorganic.ca/
  5. FAO Organic Agriculture Programme
  6. Human health implications of organic food and organic agriculture 2016
  7. http://www.marketwired.com/press-release/new-data-from-canada-organic-trade-association-reveals-dramatic-increase-in-canadians-2233507.htm
  8. ‘Composition differences between organic and conventional meat: a systematic literature review and meta-analysis’ Dominika Średnicka-Tober et al. British Journal of Nutrition.
  9. ‘Higher PUFA and n-3 PUFA, conjugated linoleic acid, α-tocopherol and iron, but lower iodine and selenium concentrations in organic milk: a systematic literature review and meta- and redundancy analyses.’ Dominika Średnicka-Tober et al. British Journal of Nutrition.
  10. https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition/article/higher-antioxidant-and-lower-cadmium-concentrations-and-lower-incidence-of-pesticide-residues-in-organically-grown-crops-a-systematic-literature-review-and-metaanalyses/33F09637EAE6C4ED119E0C4BFFE2D5B1
  11. https://www.organic-center.org/reportfiles/TasteReport.pdf 2006. Do organic fruits and vegetables taste better than conventional fruits and vegetables? State of Science Review: Taste of Organic Food. The Organic Center.2006
  12. COTA State of Organics 2017
  13. COTA Canadian Organic Market Report 2017

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