What is a GMO?
What’s in a name?
GMO stands for “genetically modified organism”. The genetics of virtually all plant-based food we eat today have been modified over time, so the term “GMO” could technically apply to all of them. When people talk about GMOs, they are often referring to genetic engineering.
Genetic engineering refers to specific methods used to precisely change an organism’s DNA. This method of plant breeding is used by scientists to enhance or modify the characteristics of an individual organism.
Plant domestication by the earliest farmers 10,000 years ago is an example of genetic modification. There are many ways to genetically modify a plant. These include domestication, conventional breeding, mutagenesis and genetic engineering.